Summer 2018 Health Notes

Below are features from our Summer Health Notes:

Diabetes Type 2 Weight Loss

Obesity is a significant health issue in the United States. It is estimated that about 40% of adults and 18% of children and adolescents are obese. It is a trend that has been increasing over the last several years. TheCenters for Disease Control and Prevention predict that obesity-related deaths could become the leading cause of mortality. Obesity is a risk factorfor several cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease, hypertension and stroke in addition to other conditions like Type 2 Diabetes and many cancers. Some of these conditions may improve or go into remission with effective and sustain weight loss. Current treatments for weight loss include diet and behavioral modification, exercise, medications, and eventually surgery. While weight loss and management is tough for anybody but it is especially challenging for Type 2 Diabetics. In Type 2 Diabetes, the body does not respond to insulin properly (insulin resistance). The pancreas makes more insulin but over time it just cannot keep up. Consequently, the body does not use nutrients properly and body fat is favored over muscle. Carrying around excess body fat increases the body’s resistance to insulin making blood sugar management more difficult. It becomes a vicious cycle.The good news: even modest weight loss can help control blood glucose, reduce the risk for other health issues and can potentially put diabetes in remission. We are conducting a Type2 Diabetes weight loss study. Call us for details and to see if you qualify (615-329-2222).

Anthrax Vaccine Study

Although Anthrax is rare in the United States, it is a likely agent to be used in a bioterrorist attack. Inhalation of anthrax is the most lethal route of infection: without treatment only about 10 to 15% survive. With aggressive treatment about 55% of post-exposed people will survive. Thusly, it is very important to have post-exposure strategies in place in case of a bioterrorist attack. In 2015 the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a vaccine for anthrax prevention in adults 18 through 65. The vaccine, BioThrax, causes the body to build up antibodies to fight the anthrax bacteria and prevent illness. However, the antibody responses to the vaccine diminish with age. For example, a 30 year old will develop more immunity to anthrax than a 60 year old when given the same dose. Our study will be comparing a younger group ages 18 – 50 to an older group ages 66-100 when receiving different dose of BioThrax with and without an experimental additive. We will be evaluating the safety and effectiveness (immune response) in each group. If you are in general good health, between the ages of 18-50 or 66-100 and are interested in helping develop an anthrax post-exposure treatment, please give us a call.

Flu and Pneumonia Vaccine

Pneumonia is a frequent complication of flu. There have been some studies which show the simultaneous vaccination against both in at risk individuals reduces the rate of hospitalizations and death. If you are 50 years and older, consider joining our research study. You will receive a pneumonia shot plus this year’s seasonal flu shot either at the same timeor 30 days later. The study will begin the first of September. For more information and to get on our list, just give us a call.

What is the most deadly animal in the world? A Mosquito

Not only are their bites itchy and irritating, those pesky little flying bugs are dangerous! They transmit extremely harmful infections such as malaria which kills 1 million people each year, plus yellow fever, Chikungunya, West Nile Virus, dengue fever, Zika, filariasis, and other viruses. The male mosquitoes are vegetarian but the female needs protein before they lay eggs. So, only the females bite and use blood for protein. Mosquitoes breed in soft, moist soil or stagnant water. Your flower pots, kiddie pools and other outside toys and equipment that gather water are good spots for mosquitos to congregate. Try to empty out standing water at least once a week to keep from encouraging a breeding ground for this pest. Also use insect repellant containing DEET on exposed skin. DEET doesn’t kill the mosquitoes but disorients them and they will seek food elsewhere.